Artemisia annua is an anti-fever herbal medicine first described in traditional Chinese medicine 1,000 years ago. Artemisinin, the extract of A. annua, and its derivatives (dihydroartemisinin (DHA), artemether, and artesunate) have been used for the treatment of malaria with substantial efficacy.
In addition to their excellent clinical anti-malarial effects, experimental studies also suggest that artemisinin family drugs possess potent anti-inflammatory properties by regulating both innate and adaptive immunity.
Simply speaking, boswellia is an herb extracted from the Boswellia serrata tree, which is native to India and some parts of Africa. Boswellia serrata extract is comprised of four distinct and powerful acids responsible for controlling inflammation. For our purposes, we will focus on Acetyl-11-keto-β-boswellic acid. Otherwise known as AKBA, this biologically potent acid curbs inflammation by halting the proinflammatory enzyme known as 5 lipooxygenase (5-LOX)